Magma may move toward the surface and erupt through vertical cylindrical conduits directed upward. The thermal and kinetic energetics leads to remarkable phenomena.

Chaiten May 2008


G. Poullet Scrope, Masson, 1864

Sarychev Eruption, Kuriles

12 June 2009

Lecture 3  Download Quiktime Movie File

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Reading:  Wilson L, RSJ Sparks TC Huang and ND Watkins, 1978, Control of Volcanic Column heights by eruption energetics and dynamics, J Geophys Res 83: 1829-1836.

Sparks RSJ et al., 1997, Volcanic Plumes Ch 5, pp 117-140. (Wiley & Sons, Chichester).

Modeling Conduit eruptions

Melnik Powerpoint lecture

Papale Powerpoimt lecture