Brief Manual on Contour
1. First, choose the type of contour to be used.
2. Depending on which type, edit points A and B to parameterize the
a) Rectangle: points A and B are in the opposite corners
(Note: when changing values in the text boxes, the font changes
to red color to indicate that the new input has not yet been accepted.
In order to accept the edited values, press the [ENTER] or [TAB] key. For
b) Semicircle: point A is the center point while B determines
the orientation and radius
c) Circle: point A is the center point while B determines
the radius ( and the start point of contour traversal ).
3. Enter Zeros by either clicking on [ADD Real] or [ADD Complex]
Text fields will appear accordingly, together with a corresponding
delete button. A maximum of 10 entries are allowed, so the scrollbar to
the side could be used to show the desired entries. The same rules for
editing text (cf. Note in step 2 above) apply, i.e. hit [ENTER] to accept
entries/edits. To remove an entry, simply click on the corresponding [Delete]
The zero points will appear with 'O' symbols in the plot to the left.
Use either [Zoom In] and [Zoom Out] button to check the position of the
zeros. Care should be taken to prevent the zeros from lying on the contour's
4. Enter Poles the same way Zeros were entered. The poles will appear as
'X' symbols in the plot on the left. The same as the previous case of zeros,
none of the poles should lie on the contour.
5. Once the choices for contour, zeros and poles are correctly entered.
Click on the [Go To Map] button to proceed to the complex mapping process.
(There will be opportunities later to come back to this Setup page,
so it is not critical to have made final choices before clicking on the
[Go To Map] button.)
6. On the Mapping page, the upper left corner will show the chosen zeros
7. This is important to note specially in the cases where there are
repeated zeros or repeated poles, since the plot will not be able to show
8. Now use the scrollbar below the page to start clockwise traversal
of the chosen contour.
9. Observe the plot to the right of the page. This is the complex map
of the transfer function G(s)=num(s)/den(s) corresponding to the contour.
At first traversal a blue curve will move corresponding to the movement
of scrollbar to the right. Moving the scrollbar to the left will leave
a yellow curve.
Also note that the crosshairs intersect at the origin. This is to facilitate
the counting of encirclements around the origin as the complex variable
s takes on different values along the contour path.
10. To change the settings, i.e. contour, poles or zeros, click on [BACK
TO SETUP] button
11. When in either the Setup page or Mapping page, you can print using
the browser's Print menu command. However, make sure that landscape has
This page is maintained by Tomas
B. Co (email@example.com). Last revised 10/19/1999.
of Chemical Engineering
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