Suffrage History and Background Information
- Woman Suffrage
Notes, Faith Morrison, Radio Interview preparation 25 February 2020
Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States, Rebecca J. Mead,
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History (pdf)
suffrage, Wikipedia. Includes a list state by country of when
restrictions on women voting were lifted.
of state of women's suffrage prior to the 19th Amendment,
Wikipedia. Fifteen states with full suffrage
for women prior to the 19th Amendment: Arizona,
California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New
York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and
Wyoming. Seven states with no
suffrage for women prior to the 19th Amendment: Alabama,
Maryland, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West
Virginia. All others had partial suffrage for women.
Women Won the Vote, a publication of the National Women's History
Project, 730 2nd Street #469, Santa Rosa, CA
Michigan Lost the Equal Suffrage Amendment in 1912.
Interesting reading! Spoiled ballots, more ballots against
than registered voters, running out of ballots where pro-suffrage
sentiment ran strong, burned ballots. You name it!
Books on the Suffrage Fight and related fights for gender
equality and voting rights in general
- The Woman's Hour: The Great
Fight to Win the Vote Hardcover, by
- Mr. President, How Long Must We
Wait? Alice Paul, Woodrow Wilson
and The Fight for the Right to Vote by Tina Cassidy, 2019
- Roses and Radicals: The Epic
Story of How American Women Won the
Right to Vote, Susan Zimet and Todd Hasak-Lowy, (young
book), 2018. This 2018 book tells the story of the difficult 72
year fight for women's suffrage rights and includes hard looks at the
impact of racism, classism and other cultural challenges to the fight
and among the fighers.
- The Women of the Copper Country,
by Mary Doria Russell, a novel
based on Annie Clements—"the courageous woman who started a rebellion
leading a strike against the largest copper mining company in the
world” (from the publisher’s site). Russell visited Houghton 7-8
- Suffragists in Washington, D.
C.—The 1913 Parade and the Fight for the Vote by Rebecca Boggs
Roberts. Brought to our attention and recommended by Jean Ellis.
- Votes for Women! American
Suffragists and the Battle for the Ballot, by Winifred Conkling
(young adult readers). Delves into the backstories of many of the
suffragists, beginning with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott,
the leaders who called the first Women's Rights Convention in the
US. Lucrecia Mott is quoted in this book with this comment on
marriage roles: She "believed that 'independence of the husband and
wife is equal, their dependence mutual, and their obligations
- The Grimké Sisters from
South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition,
by Gerda Lerner, second edition, University of North Carolina Press,
2004. Have you heard of Sarah and
Angelina Grimké? They were wealthy plantation bred
South Carolina ladies who abhored slavery and fought for civil
rights for women and black people in America. This biography by Gerda Lerner is
fantastic! It shows the status of women and black Americans in
the early 1800s and really makes clear what women and black enslaved
and free Americans were up against. Very very well written. The
first edition came out in 1967 and Gerder Lerner
was one of the founders of the academic field of women's history.
Films on the Suffrage Fight and related fights for gender
equality and voting rights in general
- (film, 2004) Iron Jawed Angels
(https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0338139/) . Tells the story of
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns who led the change in focus of the suffrage
cause towards a Constitutional amendment. The path led to a
schism in the organization, arrests, hunger strikes, and
beatings. Stars Hilary Swank as Paul, Frances O'Connor as Burns,
and Anjeica Huston as CArrie Chapman Catt, leader of the NAWSA which
stuck to a "state by state" strategy.
- (film, 2015) Suffragette
British film about the fight for women's voting rights in the UK. The
British fight inspired US suffragists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and
Lucretia Mott (they first met in England), the organizers of the first
US Women's Rights Convention (Seneca Falls, 1848), and Alice Paul and
Lucy Burns, the forces behind the final decate of the fight for the19th
Amendment. Paul and Burns also met in England and brought back to
the US tactics learned from the British movement including taking
confrontational stands and conducting hunger strikes while under arest.
- (film, 2017) Divine
about the Swiss women getting voting
in 1971 (not a typo!)
- (film, 2018) Maiden, a
documentary film by Alex Holmes about Skipper Tracy Edwards and the
crew of the racing sailing vessel Maiden as they compete as the first
all-woman crew in the 1989–1990 Whitbread Round the World Race.
The film tells the story of the obstacles Edwards faced to participate
as a crewmember in the Whitbread race, which led her to morgage her
home and put all her assets and energy into entering her own vessel in
the race, upping the ante to race with an all female crew. Was
shown in the 41 North Film Festival in Houghton; available on DVD.
Podcasts on the Suffrage Fight
Suffrage podcast, Florida Department of Education. Elizabeth
Cady Stant and Susan Be. Anthony in their own words.