Mary Pickford, stage name of Gladys Mary Smith, b. Toronto, Apr. 8, 1893, d. May 29, 1979, became one of the world's first film stars after beginning her cinema career in 1909 under the tutelage of D. W. Griffith. Together with her second husband, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin, she founded United Artists in 1919.
Despite considerable business acumen, her career faltered with the advent of talkies. Her best-known films include Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1917), Pollyanna (1920), Little Lord Fauntleroy (1921), and Little Annie Rooney (1925). She received an Academy Award for Coquette (1929) and a special Academy Award in 1976.
Last modified on: Thursday, October 30, 1997.