Movies in Chemical Engineering

Mass Balances, Fluid Mechanics, and Polymer Rheology

Dr. Faith A. Morrison

Department of Chemical Engineering

Michigan Technological University

Houghton, MI 49931

Dr. Morrison has a
YouTube.com
channel: Dr.MorrisonMTU

Dr. Morrison has a blog called The ChemE List: blogs.mtu.edu/fmorriso/

YouTube Videos

DrMorrisonMTU

Mass and Energy Balances

Macroscopic Mass Balances

Macroscopic Energy Balances

Fluid Mechanics/Momentum Transport

Fluid Statics

Mechanical Energy Balance

Macroscopic Momentum Balance

Microscopic Momentum Balance

Heat Transfer/Energy Transport

Rheology

Dr. Morrison has a blog called The ChemE List: blogs.mtu.edu/fmorriso/

YouTube Videos

DrMorrisonMTU

Mass and Energy Balances

Macroscopic Mass Balances

2012 Elementary Mass
Balances Handout of this example

2012 Balances on Reactive Systems Handout of this example

2013 Balances on Multiple Units (no Reaction) Handout of this example

2012 Balances on Multiple Units with Reaction Handout of this example

2012 Balances on Reactive Systems Handout of this example

2013 Balances on Multiple Units (no Reaction) Handout of this example

2012 Balances on Multiple Units with Reaction Handout of this example

Macroscopic Energy Balances

2013 Elementary Energy
Balances (under construction)

Fluid Mechanics/Momentum Transport

Fluid Statics

Mechanical Energy Balance

2009 Calculating
Flow Rate from Velocity Field - warning! I accidentally used
"A" both as area and as a substitute for some constants. See the Handout
where one of the two symbols is now A_{1}.

2009 Short Introduction to the Mechanical Energy Balance

2009 Unit-conversion Issues with the Mechanical Energy Balance Sheet of hand conversions

2009 Unit-conversion Issues with the Mechanical Energy Balance Sheet of hand conversions

Macroscopic Momentum Balance

2010 Force on the
Walls
of a Tube in Pressure-Driven Turbulent Flow
Handout of
this lecture.

2010 Macroscopic Momentum Balance - Nozzle flow to Tilted Wall Part 1, Part 2, Part 3. Handout of these lectures.

2009 Calculating Force on a Surface in Flow from Velocity Field Part 1

2009 Calculating Force on a Surface in Flow from Velocity Field Part 2 Velocity Field Handout

2010 Macroscopic Momentum Balance - Nozzle flow to Tilted Wall Part 1, Part 2, Part 3. Handout of these lectures.

2009 Calculating Force on a Surface in Flow from Velocity Field Part 1

2009 Calculating Force on a Surface in Flow from Velocity Field Part 2 Velocity Field Handout

Microscopic Momentum Balance

2009 Microscopic Momentum Balances with
the Navier-Stokes Equation: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3. Handout
of these lectures

Blank handout of Navier-Stokes in three coordinate systemsHeat Transfer/Energy Transport

Rheology

2011 Dr. Morrison's lecture on fitting
linear viscoelastic parameters to small-amplitude oscillatory shear data

Lecture 5: Fitting LVE Spectra to G', G" Data posted 10 November 11 Streaming video from 2011 posted 11 November 2011

Lecture 5: Fitting LVE Spectra to G', G" Data posted 10 November 11 Streaming video from 2011 posted 11 November 2011

2007 Dr. Morrison's Polymer
Rheology class is available on iTunesU

2006 Shear thickening:
"Walking on Water "El Hormiguero (Spanish for "The Anthill") is a
Spanish television program with a live audience focusing on comedy,
science, and politics running since September 2006. It is hosted and
produced by screenwriter Pablo Motos and airs on Cuatro, a Spanish
television station. Recurring guests on the show include Luis
Piedrahita, Raquel Martos, Flipy (the scientist), and puppet ants
Trancas and Barrancas.. . .The show achieved some international
attention in 2006 for having people walk
across a swimming pool filled with a non-Newtonian fluid, an
oobleck of cornstarch and water that was mixed in a cement truck. This
experiment was performed in an October, 2006 episode of the show and
was repeated with a new batch of oobleck on the Christmas Eve special
episode due to its popularity." From
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Hormiguero, accessed 30Nov07

The first day
of CM4650 Polymer Rheology class we watch this
film: Rheological
Behavior of Fluids. This film is one of 26+ films made by
the National Committee for Fluid Mechanics
Films.
Although made in the 1950s and 1960s, these films are still terrific at
showing fluid behavior.

2007 The MIT National Committee for Fluid Mechanics Films (NCFMF) are now on the web! They are available streaming and for purchase download. The notes are there also in pdf form.

- Aerodynamics Generation of Sound
- Cavitation
- Channel Flow of a Compression Fluid
- Deformation of Continuous Media
- Eulerian Lagrangian Description
- Flow Instabilities
- Flow Visualization
- Fluid Dynamics of Drag Part I
- Fluid Dynamics of Drag Part II
- Fluid Dynamics of Drag Part III
- Fluid Dynamics of Drag Part IV
- Fluid Quantity and Flow
- Fundamentals-Boundary Layers
- Low Reynolds Number Flow
- Magnetohydrodynamics
- Pressure Fields and Fluid Accel
- Rarefied Gas Dynamics
- Rheological Behavior of Fluids
- Rotating Flows
- Secondary Flow
- Stratified Flow
- Surface Tension in Fluid Mechanics
- Turbulence
- Vorticity, Part 1
- Vorticity, Part 2
- Waves in Fluids

18 Feb 2009 Corn starch/water on
an audio speaker. There is a very interesting video at this link
of oobleck dancing on an audio speaker:

http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/non-newtonian-fluid-on-a-speaker-cone

Subject:University of Iowa Hydraulics Center Films on Youtube (six films)

user: universityofiowa

Introduction to the study of fluid motion (1961, 25 minutes) http://youtu.be/EIuU9Q8CGDk

The first in a widely used series of films on fluid mechanics, produced at IIHR under the direction of Hunter Rouse.

This introductory program, designed to orient engineering students, shows examples of flow phenomena from a host of everyday experiences. Empirical solutions by means of scale models are illustrated. The significance of the Euler, Froude, Reynolds, and Mach numbers as similitude parameters is illustrated.

Dr. Hunter Rouse served as Director of IIHR from 1944 to 1966. During this time, he was instrumental in strengthening IIHRs fundamental research emphasis and in developing teaching programs for hydraulic engineers. Through his writings, research, and global travels, he established IIHR as an internationally acclaimed innovative research and teaching laboratory.

Fundamental Principles of flow (23 min) http://youtu.be/2yojeSNzWiM

Second in the series, this video departs from the essential generality of the first by explicitly illustrating, through experi ment and animation, the basic concepts and physical relation ships that are involved in the analysis of fluid motion. The concepts of velocity, acceleration, circulation, and vorticity are introduced, and the use of integral equations of motion is demonstrated by a simple example.

Fluid Motion in a gravitational field (24 min) http://youtu.be/-xoyLhiEOus

In this third video of the series, which proceeds from the intro ductory and the basic material presented in the first two videos, emphasis is laid upon the action of gravity. Principles of wave propagation are illustrated, including aspects of gen eration, celerity, reflection, stability, and reduction to steadiness by relative motion. Simulation of comparable phenomena in the atmosphere and the ocean is considered.

Characteristics of laminar and turbulent flow (26 min) http://youtu.be/eIHVh3cIujU

The fourth video deals with the effect of viscosity. Dye, smoke, suspended particles, and hydrogen-bubbles are used to reveal the velocity field.

Various combinations of Couette and plane Poiseuille flow introduce the principles of lubrication. Axisymmetric Poiseuille flow and development of the flow around an elliptic cylinder are related to variation in the Reynolds number, and the growth of the boundary layer along a flat plate is shown.

Instability in boundary layers and pipe flow is shown to lead to turbulence. The eddy viscosity and apparent stress are intro duced by hotwire-anemometer indications. The processes of turbulence production, turbulent mixing, and turbulence decay are considered.

Form, drag, lift, and propulsion (24 min) http://youtu.be/4q5ffroIMMc

In the fifth video of the series, emphasis is laid upon the role of boundary-layer separation in modifying the flow pattern and producing longitudinal and lateral components of force on a moving body. Various conditions of separation and methods of separation control are first illustrated. Attention is then given to the distribution of pressure around typical body profiles and its relation to the resulting drag. The concept of circulation introduced in the second film is developed to explain the forces on rotating bodies and the forced vibration of cylin dri cal bodies. Structural failure of unstable sections is demonstrated.

Effects of fluid compressibility (17 min) http://youtu.be/SIehBPHL3cA

The last in the six-video series makes extensive use of the analogy between gravity and sound waves and illustrates, through laboratory demonstrations and animation, the con cepts of wave celerity, shock waves and surges, wave reflec tion and water hammer.

Two-dimensional waves are produced by flow past a point source at various speeds relative to the wave celerity to illus trate the effect of changing Mach number, and the principle is applied to flow at curved and abrupt wall deflections. Axisymmetric and three-dimensional wave patterns are then portrayed using color Schlieren pictures.

http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/non-newtonian-fluid-on-a-speaker-cone

Subject:University of Iowa Hydraulics Center Films on Youtube (six films)

user: universityofiowa

Introduction to the study of fluid motion (1961, 25 minutes) http://youtu.be/EIuU9Q8CGDk

The first in a widely used series of films on fluid mechanics, produced at IIHR under the direction of Hunter Rouse.

This introductory program, designed to orient engineering students, shows examples of flow phenomena from a host of everyday experiences. Empirical solutions by means of scale models are illustrated. The significance of the Euler, Froude, Reynolds, and Mach numbers as similitude parameters is illustrated.

Dr. Hunter Rouse served as Director of IIHR from 1944 to 1966. During this time, he was instrumental in strengthening IIHRs fundamental research emphasis and in developing teaching programs for hydraulic engineers. Through his writings, research, and global travels, he established IIHR as an internationally acclaimed innovative research and teaching laboratory.

Fundamental Principles of flow (23 min) http://youtu.be/2yojeSNzWiM

Second in the series, this video departs from the essential generality of the first by explicitly illustrating, through experi ment and animation, the basic concepts and physical relation ships that are involved in the analysis of fluid motion. The concepts of velocity, acceleration, circulation, and vorticity are introduced, and the use of integral equations of motion is demonstrated by a simple example.

Fluid Motion in a gravitational field (24 min) http://youtu.be/-xoyLhiEOus

In this third video of the series, which proceeds from the intro ductory and the basic material presented in the first two videos, emphasis is laid upon the action of gravity. Principles of wave propagation are illustrated, including aspects of gen eration, celerity, reflection, stability, and reduction to steadiness by relative motion. Simulation of comparable phenomena in the atmosphere and the ocean is considered.

Characteristics of laminar and turbulent flow (26 min) http://youtu.be/eIHVh3cIujU

The fourth video deals with the effect of viscosity. Dye, smoke, suspended particles, and hydrogen-bubbles are used to reveal the velocity field.

Various combinations of Couette and plane Poiseuille flow introduce the principles of lubrication. Axisymmetric Poiseuille flow and development of the flow around an elliptic cylinder are related to variation in the Reynolds number, and the growth of the boundary layer along a flat plate is shown.

Instability in boundary layers and pipe flow is shown to lead to turbulence. The eddy viscosity and apparent stress are intro duced by hotwire-anemometer indications. The processes of turbulence production, turbulent mixing, and turbulence decay are considered.

Form, drag, lift, and propulsion (24 min) http://youtu.be/4q5ffroIMMc

In the fifth video of the series, emphasis is laid upon the role of boundary-layer separation in modifying the flow pattern and producing longitudinal and lateral components of force on a moving body. Various conditions of separation and methods of separation control are first illustrated. Attention is then given to the distribution of pressure around typical body profiles and its relation to the resulting drag. The concept of circulation introduced in the second film is developed to explain the forces on rotating bodies and the forced vibration of cylin dri cal bodies. Structural failure of unstable sections is demonstrated.

Effects of fluid compressibility (17 min) http://youtu.be/SIehBPHL3cA

The last in the six-video series makes extensive use of the analogy between gravity and sound waves and illustrates, through laboratory demonstrations and animation, the con cepts of wave celerity, shock waves and surges, wave reflec tion and water hammer.

Two-dimensional waves are produced by flow past a point source at various speeds relative to the wave celerity to illus trate the effect of changing Mach number, and the principle is applied to flow at curved and abrupt wall deflections. Axisymmetric and three-dimensional wave patterns are then portrayed using color Schlieren pictures.